Agroecological transitions at the scale of agrifood systems in France and Brazil

Project title: Transition agroécologique à l’échelle des systèmes agri-alimentaires en France et au Brésil ​
Years: 2019-2022
Role: French Coordinator
Other coordinators: Alfio Brandenburg (Brazilian coordinator)
Sponsor: Capes-Cofecub (Franco-Brazilian scientific cooperation, finances research stays)

Description: Based on a network of 25 Brazilian and French researchers and students, the project aims at developing comparative work and discussing theoretical and methodological approaches to agroecological transitions. It funds research stays of 3 weeks to 6 months. Within the project, a series of 6 case studies are developed in each country, based on a shared analytical grid aimed at identifying transition mechanisms and governance modes. Workshops and seminars are also organized in both countries, with the goal of discussing and comparing the case studies, as well as theories, methods and research stances (inter and transdisciplinarity being at the core of the different post-graduate programs that are involved in the project).

The plate and the territory: agroecological transition at the scale of a territorial agrifood system

Project title: L’assiette et le territoire. Recherche action sur la transition agro-écologique à l’échelle d’un système agri-alimentaire territorial 
Years: 2019-2021
Role: Coordinator
Partners: INRA, Pacte-Cermosem, CIVAM, Pays de l’Ardèche Méridionale, PNR des Monts d’Ardèche
Sponsor: Fondation de France (30K€)

Description: This project, started in June 2019, aims at setting up a multi-stakeholder exchange and learning system in order to build a shared understanding of the transitional mechanisms at the level of a territorial agrifood system. It takes place in southern Ardèche.
The working group is composed of some twenty people, which include farmers and food actors, elected representatives and local authorities, civil society actors, education, integration and health public services and researchers. 4 seminars will take place between the end of November 2019 and September 2021, as well as an open symposium at the end of 2020. These will be enriched by focused studies, based on the identification and prioritization of research questions. Concrete tools will be set up, including a participatory mapping of food initiatives currently under construction.
Project title: Observatoire sociologique des transitions agroécologiques (ObsTAE)
Years: 2015-2018
Role: Co-coordinator
Other coordinators: Marc Barbier (INRA)
Sponsor: French Ministry of Agriculture, Agrifood and Forestry

Description: The goal of this project was to follow collective dynamics of transition towards agroecology carried out by groups of agriculturists and at times by other actors, who have received funding from a public project call. The main points of analysis were the redefinition of expertise and the views and controversies that take place around actions on agroecology, within groups and with other actors. This gave us also the possibility to assess the implementation of current public policies on the field, and the controversies surrounding this new framework of public action.
Download initial public report (in French)
Project title: Rethink Farm Modernisation and Rural Resilience
Years: 2014-2016
Role: Coordination of French scientific team, co-writer of conceptual framework
Main coordinator: Karlheinz Knickel
Sponsor: RURIAGRI/ERA-NET (European Commission, 7th Framework Programme)

Description: The project aims to grasp, building on some fifteen case studies, the new forms of "ecological modernisation" in Europe. With colleagues from Ecodeveloppement (INRA Avignon), agronomists and economists, I conducted a case study on the ecologisation of fruit and vegetable agriculture and the evolution in forms of coordination within organic agriculture in the Drôme department. With several European colleagues I deepened a sociological exploration of the notion of resilience starting from organic farm cases.
Download conceptual framework (Dec 2013)
Download analytical framework (Feb 2014)
Download Drôme (France) case study leaflet
Download Drôme (France) case study report (in French)


Project title: Prunus (Towards an integrated approach of the ecologisation of fruit production)
Years: 2013 - 2015
Role: Coordinator
Sponsors: French Ministry of Agriculture, Agrifood and Forestry (programme Ecophyto)
French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy
Description: This project, constructed by bringing together geneticists and agronomists from different disciplines and research departments, proposes an integrated approach to ecologisation, by articulating variety selection, controlled farming, and analysis of larger evolutions within the agri-food system (past and present). It associates within the reflection group a mix of actors from the food sector and from public policies in order to construct a collective discussion surrounding a shared analysis (if not necessarily consensual) of the situation and possible ways forward.
Download project synthesis (in French)
See Prunus press articles
Project title: HealthyGrowth
Years: 2013 - 2015
Role: Scientific team coordinator, governance axis coordinator
Main coordinator: Egon Noe
Sponsors: Core Organic II (European Commission, 7th Framework Programme)
Description: The project looks at the keeping of values in growing organic industries, building on some twenty case studies carried out in 14 European countries. Within this context, I conducted two study cases: one on the Biocoop network, where I looked at the internal controversies and the governance and coordination adjustments, and one on the Drome valley and its transition process towards organic agriculture (with my PhD student Sybille Bui). I also conducted comparative research with H. Renting in order to categorise different governance modes linked to varying controversy situations, and an analysis with E. Noe on the "multi-perspective" framework used in this project (work in progress).
Download full case study report Biocoop (Apr 2015)
Download full case study report Biovallée (Apr 2015)
Download case study factsheet, Biocoop (Apr 2015)
Download case study factsheet, Biovallée (Apr 2015)
Download case study synthesis, Biocoop (Nov 2014, in French)


Project title: Agroecology France Brazil (AEFB)
Years: 2011 - 2014
Role: Responsible for the "Agroecology trajectories in France and Brazil" axis.
Description: This project allowed to me to continue with field surveys on agroecology in Brazil (trajectories at the scale of states' institutionalisation of agroecology, trajectories around key actors and comparative approach on alternative systems). It also helped strengthening collaborations through the co-supervision of a PhD, conferences and shared seminars. I was in charge of the organisation of the closure siminar in January 2015.

Other Projects

Project ARDU (Arboriculture durable), Meta-programme Smash INRA, 2014-2016. Coordinator. This project of scientific interdisciplinary promotion, has organised a series of seminars around questions of sanitary and variety innovations, and was instrumental in creating an interdisciplinary reflection on current research practices on these questions.
Project Equalim (financed by PACA Region), coordinated by V. Siniscalchi, EHESS Marseille, 2013-2015. Based on short-circuits, this project allowed me to carry on my research on French CSAs (AMAP). In collaboration with J. Rouchier, economist, I looked at the recent process of revision of the AMAP charter and the signs of recognition of the network as the institution representing this process.
Project Dynrurabio, (ANR Systerra programme), 2011-2014. Co-coordinator of the axis "Transition trajectories amongst production models".
Project Epab (Agribio3 programme), 2010-2012. Coordinator of the axis "Networks and innovative organisation forms at the territorial scale".
Project Popsy (ANR Systerra programme), 2009-2012. Coordinator of axis "Sociotechnical trajectories of agriculturists and evolution of the advisory profession" around the process of transition towards integrated protection.
Project Devamap (financed by PACA Region), coordinated by J. Rouchier (CNRS Greqam), 2010-2011. Coordinator of cross-cutting topic on "normalisations" and "feasibility" of the CSA model for producers.
European project Endure on culture protection, 2007-2010, coordinated by P. Ricci. Coordinator of sociology axis containing seven European teams.
Project Gedupic (ANR Agriculture and Sustainable Development programme), coordinated by P. Ricci, 2007-2009. Coordinator of sociology axis.
Project C3D (Collectifs de Consommateurs, questionnement social et Consommation Durable, ANR ADD programme), coordinated by S. Dubuisson-Quellier, 2005-2008. Coordinator of axis "Alternative circuits and deliberation spaces"
Project AntiBot (financed by PACA Region), coordinated by P. Nicot, 2007-2008. Coordinator of sociology axis.
Project Tracks (Trajectoires de conversion à l’agriculture biologique) coordinated by S. Bellon and M. Jonis, 2005-2006. Coordinator of sociology axis.
Project Alimenter le lien entre éleveurs, consommateurs et animaux, under the direction of M. Mormont et P. Stassart, Université de Liège, 2004-2005. Charged of surveys and coordinator of action-research procedure.
European project TAHINA (Epidemiological Transition And Health impact in North Africa, IMT Anvers - IRD-UR 106), 2005-2006. Charged of sociological survey on eating practices changes linked to migration (country-city) and emigration (Tunisia-France). Funded by the Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie scholarship.
Research project Produire, vendre et consommer : attachement à la nature et développement durable (ACI programme), coordinated by S. Dubuisson-Quellier (CNRS/CSO), 2004-2006. Studying short and long production-comercialisation mechanisms in France (case study on CSA).
Research project « Evaluer les forces et les faiblesses de différents modes de coordination pour le développement de démarches de qualité dans les filières agricoles du sud » (INRA / CIRAD), 2003. Charged of  section on red palm oil in Cameroon.

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